A long term strategic plan called the National Rail Plan has been developed to plan infrastructural capacity enhancement along with strategies to increase the modal share of the Railways.
Indian Railways Issues draft National Rail Plan
New Delhi (ABC Live India): Indian Railways issued Draft National Rail Plan today.
A long term strategic plan
called the National Rail Plan has been developed to plan infrastructural
capacity enhancement along with strategies to increase the modal share of the
Railways. The National Rail Plan will be a common platform for all future
infrastructural, business, and financial planning of the Railways. This plan is
being circulated among various Ministries for their views now. Railways aim to
finalize the Final plan by January 2021.
The objective of the Plan is:
To create capacity ahead of demand by 2030, which in turn would cater to the growth
in demand right up to 2050 and also increase the modal share of Railways from
27% currently to 45% in freight by 2030 as part of a national commitment to
reduce Carbon emission and to continue to sustain it. Net Zero Carbon emission
To assess the actual demand in freight and passenger sectors, a yearlong survey
was conducted over a hundred representative locations by survey teams spread all
over the country.
Forecast growth of traffic in both freight and passenger year on year up to
2030 and on a decadal basis up to 2050.
Formulate strategies based on both operational capacities and commercial policy
initiatives to increase the modal share of the Railways in freight to 45% by 2030.
Reduce transit time of freight substantially by increasing the average speed of
freight trains from the present 22Kmph to 50Kmph.
Reduce overall cost of Rail transportation by nearly 30% and pass on the benefits
to the customers.
Map the growth in demand on the Indian Railway route map and simulate the
capacity behavior of the network in the future.
Based on the above simulation identify infrastructural bottlenecks that would arise
in the future with growth in demand.
Select projects along with appropriate technology in both track work, signaling, and rolling stock to mitigate these bottlenecks well in
As part of the National Rail
Plan, Vision 2024 has been launched for accelerated implementation of certain
critical projects by 2024 such as 100% electrification, multitracking of
congested routes, up-gradation of speed to 160 kmph on Delhi-Howrah and
Delhi-Mumbai routes, up-gradation of speed to 130kmph on all other Golden
Quadrilateral-Golden Diagonal (GQ/GD) routes and elimination of all Level
Crossings on all GQ/GD route.
Future projects for implementation beyond 2024 in both track and signaling
have been identified with clear cut timelines for implementation.
Three Dedicated Freight Corridors, namely East Coast, East-West &
North-South identified along with timelines. PETS survey already underway.
Several new High-Speed Rail Corridors have also been identified. Survey on
Delhi-Varanasi High-Speed Rail already underway.
Assess rolling stock requirement for passenger traffic as well as wagon the requirement for freight.
Assess Locomotive requirement to meet twin objectives of 100% electrification
(Green Energy) by December 2023 and also the increasing traffic right up to
2030 and beyond up to 2050.
Assess the total investment in capital that would be required along with a
periodical break up.
Identify new streams of finance and models for financing including those based
For successful implementation of the National Rail Plan, the Railways will be
looking to engage with Private Sector, PSUs, State Governments and Original
Sustained involvement of the Private Sector in areas like operations and
ownership of rolling stock, development of freight and passenger terminals,
development/operations of track infrastructure etc.
In effect, the National Rail The plan envisages an initial surge in capital investment right up to 2030 to
create capacity ahead of demand and increase the modal share of the Railways in
freight by 45%.
Post-2030, the revenue surplus
generated would be adequate to finance future capital investment and also take
the burden of debt service ratio of the capital already invested. Exchequer
funding of Rail projects would not be required.