Explained: Why China Articulated Global Security Initiative Amid Ukraine War

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Global Security Initiative :A failure to secure Putin’s place in the existing world order could threaten Xi’s own position by proxy. With its ground troops forced to pull back from Kyiv and a key Black Sea warship sunk, Russia’s military failings are mounting—and no country is scrutinizing these weaknesses more closely than China.

New Delhi (ABC Live India): Global Security Initiative : The 2022 Russian Ukrainian War has entered into its 76th day and keeping in view its impact on the future geopolitics and all countries have taken stands in accordance of their national interests. China is in dilemma as prolonging of war has worried  Chinese President Xi Jinping thus China is not taking direct actions in support of Russia.

The ABC Research Team keeping close watch over 2022 Russian Ukrainian War refers a research article authored by Raquel Leslie, Brian Liu of Yale Law School for better understanding the stand taken by India on 2022 Russian Ukrainian War.

The Research article titled “What Amid Ukraine War, China Announces “Global Security Initiative” says as under;

As the war in Ukraine continues, Chinese President Xi Jinping has articulated a new vision for the international order that he suggests will prevent future conflicts. During a video speech to the annual Boao Asia Forum on April 21, Xi proposed a “global security initiative” upholding the principle of “indivisible security.”

The concept, which states that no country can strengthen its own security at the expense of others, has been repeatedly invoked by Russia in talks over Ukraine. Analysts note that this is the first time China has argued for “indivisible security” outside the context of the Russia-Ukraine crisis, with implications for future U.S. actions in Taiwan or the South China Sea.

Months of diplomatic language culminated in Xi’s proposal of a new model for a more secure world order—one that centers China’s own geopolitical interests. Xi’s six-point initiative included a familiar call for “sustainable security,” upholding sovereignty, territorial integrity and non-interference in internal affairs, as well as respect for the policy choices of every nation based on its unique socio-political system. Xi invoked the UN Charter in his address, once again calling upon all countries to “reject the Cold War mentality, oppose unilateralism, and say no to group politics and bloc confrontation,” a reference to NATO expansion

The speech also reiterated China’s opposition to unilateral sanctions and “long-arm jurisdiction” without directly mentioning the economic sanctions the West has imposed on Russia for its invasion of Ukraine. The announcement of the Initiative coincided with the signing of a security pact between China and the Solomon Islands in the South Pacific shortly before Xi’s speech on April 21. 

A failure to secure Putin’s place in the existing world order could threaten Xi’s own position by proxy. With its ground troops forced to pull back from Kyiv and a key Black Sea warship sunk, Russia’s military failings are mounting—and no country is scrutinizing these weaknesses more closely than China.

China, like Russia, has been ambitiously modernizing its Soviet-style military. Experts say that Xi is evaluating the current crisis and its implications for his own People’s Liberation Army and future military plans in the Asia-Pacific. The swift response by many nations to impose tough, coordinated sanctions on Russia after its attack on Ukraine could make Xi rethink his approach to Taiwan.

U.S. State Department spokesperson Ned Price, in responding to a question about Xi’s Boao Asia Forum speech, stated that the U.S. would continue to uphold the rules-based international system it had built with like-minded partners based on respect for human rights, sovereignty and self-determination. Beijing’s messaging about Ukraine and Taiwan is not winning any friends in Europe, either. Sweden is considering upgrading its office in Taipei to signal the country’s desire to deepen bilateral ties with Taiwan, while German Chancellor Olaf Sholz visited Japan rather than top trading partner China during his first official trip to the region.

The European Union and United States have recently slammed China for allegedly spreading “disinformation” over Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman accused Chinese state media of “parroting the Kremlin’s disinformation” and conspiracy theories, including claims that the U.S. was producing bioweaponry in Ukraine, and of having “repeatedly drawn false equivalencies between Russia’s war of aggression and Ukraine’s self-defensive actions.” A translation project called the Great Translation Movement has also exposed that pro-Ukraine posts and hashtags appear to have been suppressed on Chinese platforms and that Chinese state media have amplified disinformation and conspiracy theories that favor Russia, calling into question the supposedly neutral stance that the Chinese government has taken in the conflict. 

China’s hard-line propaganda efforts are at a crossroads amid the Ukraine crisis as the country apparently tries to avoid giving the impression that it is becoming too biased in favor of Russia. The Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) “wolf warrior” diplomacy—threatening to impose sanctions in a combative way against the United States, Europe, Japan and others that object to its systems and policies—has played an increasingly important role in Xi’s propaganda war against Western ideology. The indirect criticism of Western nations couched in Xi’s announcement of the Global Security Initiative signals to the rest of the world that this strategy is alive and well. The president’s latest proposal is also likely intended for a domestic audience as Xi prepares to bolster support at home in order to secure a third term as China’s top leader ahead of the CCP’s National Congress this fall. 

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