Explained: The Social Reasons Behind Farmer’s Protests in India

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Social Reasons Behind Farmer’s Protests in India : If history is a predictor, unrest may reemerge as the pandemic eases. The threats may be bigger where the crisis exposes or exacerbates pre-existing problems such as a lack of trust in institutions, poor governance, poverty, or inequality.

New Delhi (ABC Live India): India is facing farmers’ protests against three farms laws in last phase of India’s Fight against COVID-19 pandemic.

The Prime Minister Narendra Modi led Government is facing the toughest challenge  duly posed by a well oiled and précised planned farmers’ agitation against the three farms laws enacted by the Indian Parliament that too during the COVID-19 Pandemic in last parliament session held September 2020.

The Violent protests during the Farmers’ Tractors Rally on January 26, 2021 in New Delhi forced ABC Research Team as a social researchers to find out the social reasons for this Violent protests when nation is fighting against War Against COVID-19 and is all set to win the same in days to come.

We were researching on Change in societal behaviour of our society due COVID-19 Pandemic. In my quest for the same We found a very relevant write-up which we want to share with ou readers.

A blog written by By Philip BarrettSophia Chen, and Nan Li  on IMF’s Blog says In 1832, the great cholera pandemic hit Paris. In just a few months, the disease killed 20,000 of the city’s 650,000 population. Most fatalities occurred in the heart of the city, where many poor workers lived in squalid conditions, drawn to Paris by the Industrial Revolution. The spread of the disease heightened class tensions, as the rich blamed the poor for spreading the disease and the poor thought they were being poisoned. Animosity and anger were soon directed at the unpopular King. The funeral of General Lamarque—pandemic victim and defender of popular causes—spurred large anti-government demonstration on the barricaded streets: scenes immortalized in Victor Hugo’s novel Les Misérables. Historians have argued that the epidemic’s interaction with pre-existing tensions was a principal cause of what came to be known as the Paris Uprising of 1832, which may in turn explain subsequent government repression and public revolt in the French capital in the 19th century.

From the Plague of Justinian and the Black Death to the 1918 Influenza Epidemic, history is replete with examples of disease outbreaks casting long shadows of social repercussions: shaping politics, subverting the social order, and some ultimately causing social unrest. Why? One possible reason is that an epidemic can reveal or aggravate pre-existing fault lines in society, such as inadequate social safety nets, lack of trust in institutions, or a perception of government indifference, incompetence, or corruption. Historically, outbreaks of contagious diseases have also led to ethnic or religious backlashes or worsened tensions among economic classes.

Despite ample examples, quantitative evidence on the link between epidemics and social unrest is scant and limited to specific episodesRecent IMF staff research fills this gap by offering global evidence of this link in recent decades.

A key challenge for research on social unrest is identifying when events of unrest have occurred. Although sources of information on unrest are available, many are at low frequency or have inconsistent coverage. To address these shortcomings, a recent IMF staff paper uses an index based on press coverage of social unrest to create a Reported Social Unrest Index. This provides a consistent, monthly measure of social unrest for 130 countries from 1985 to the present. Spikes in the index line up very closely with narrative descriptions of unrest in a variety of case studies, suggesting that the index captures real events rather than shifts in media sentiment or attention.

Using this index, the IMF staff study finds that countries with more frequent and severe epidemics also experienced greater unrest on average.

During and immediately after a pandemic, the social scarring in the form of unrest may not show up quickly. Indeed, humanitarian crises likely impede the communication and transportation needed to organize major protests. Moreover, public opinion might favor cohesion and solidarity in times of duress. In some cases, incumbent regimes may also take advantage of an emergency to consolidate power and suppress dissent. The COVID-19 experience is consistent with this historical pattern, so far. In fact, the number of major unrest events worldwide has fallen to its lowest level in almost five years. Notable exceptions include the United States and Lebanon, but even in these cases, the largest protests are related to issues that could potentially be exacerbated, but not directly caused by COVID-19.

If history is a predictor, unrest may reemerge as the pandemic eases. The threats may be bigger where the crisis exposes or exacerbates pre-existing problems such as a lack of trust in institutions, poor governance, poverty, or inequality.

Source: IMF’ Blog

We At ABC Live India is working for Publishing a detailed investigative research report on socio-economical reasons responsible for Farmers Agitations against three Farms Law passed by Indian Parliament in the month of September 2020(During the COVID-19 Pandemic). And Present Post is a part of ABC Research Team quest for finding the Social reasons for Farmers Agitations.

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