ILO Treaty on Violence and Harassment in Workplaces to Come into Force on June 25

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The ILO Treaty on Violence and Harassment in Workplaces provides the first international definition of violence and harassment in the world of work, including gender-based violence and harassment.

New Delhi (ABC Live India): The International Labour Organization confirmed on Monday that the first ILO Treaty on Violence and Harassment in Workplaces is all set to come into force on June 25th 2021.

It is mention-worthy that on 21 Jun 2019 the ILO’s International Labour Conference (ILC) has adopted R206 - Violence and Harassment Recommendation, 2019 (No. 206) and same has been submitted to competent authorities of members country including India.

India is a Member of ILO since 28.06.1919 and has submitted a list of national legislations complying with the various ILO commitments and not ratified the treaty despite the fact that India has already enacted the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013

To date, six countries have ratified the Violence and Harassment Convention, 2019 (No. 190)  – Argentina, Ecuador, Fiji, Namibia, Somalia and Uruguay. Ratifying countries are legally bound by the provisions of the Convention a year after ratification.

The ILO released a press note before launching a global campaign to promote its ratification and implementation.

The press release says that the campaign aims to explain in simple terms what the Convention is the issues it covers and how it seeks to address violence and harassment in the world of work.

It provides the first international definition of violence and harassment in the world of work, including gender-based violence and harassment.

Violence and harassment at work takes a range of forms and leads to physical, psychological, sexual and economic harm. Since the adoption of the Convention, the 
COVID-19 pandemic  has further highlighted the issue, with many forms of work-related violence and harassment being reported across countries since the outbreak began, particularly against women and vulnerable groups.

To mark its entering into force the ILO will launch a global campaign to promote its ratification and implementation. The campaign aims to explain in simple terms what the Convention is, the issues it covers and how it seeks to address violence and harassment in the world of work.

“A better future of work is free of violence and harassment,” said Guy Ryder, the ILO Director-General in his message to launch the global campaign.

“Convention 190 calls on all ILO Member States to eradicate violence and harassment in all its forms from the world of work. I urge countries to ratify the Convention and help build, together with employers and workers and their organizations, a dignified, safe and healthy working life for all.”

The global campaign will be launched during the 
ILO Action Week on Convention No. 190, which takes place 21-25 June 2021.

The Action Week calls for renewed commitment from countries to ratify and implement the Convention.

The Action Week begins on 21 June with a 
virtual high-level dialogue. The speakers will include the ILO Director-General, Ministers of Labour from Argentina and Madagascar, and representatives of the International Organisation of Employers (IOE), the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC), the European Commission and the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU).

Following Action Week, the ILO will launch a guide aimed at helping constituents and other stakeholders promote and implement the Convention and Recommendation. The guide covers core principles and measures that countries can take to prevent, address and eliminate violence and harassment in the world of work, including examples of national laws, regulations and policies.

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