Explained : The Clash of Interest Between India and China in Indian Ocean Region

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ABC Research team conducting research on Indian Ocean Region is referring a research Report on the Politics in the Indian Ocean for policymakers of India in the national interest, wherein report referred a detail on Clash of Interest between India and China.

New Delhi (ABC Live India): Indian Ocean Region (IOR) is the third-largest sea in the world, catering for the sea transport to one-third of the world’s trade. The unique feature of IOR makes it one of the global strategic regions of geopolitics that too after the emergence of Asian economies especially China and potentially India. At present, we are at a transitional period where geopolitical power is shifting from the Atlantic and Pacific to the Indian Ocean, and therefore policy-makers of countries of the Indian Ocean Region are supposed to guard their national interests accordingly.

ABC Research team conducting research on Indian Ocean Region is referring a research Report on the Politics in the Indian Ocean for policymakers of India in the national interest, wherein report referred a detail on Clash of Interest between India and China as under;

China and India both survive on energy resources transported via the Sea Line of Communication (SLOC) through The Indian Ocean to run their economies. Therefore The Indian Ocean Region is of strategic importance to China, primarily because of its growing dependence on the SLOC in this region. Around 85% per cent of its oil imports and over 60 per cent of its export passes through the Gulf of Aden. Therefore Beijing has repeatedly reiterated its fears of a possible blockade and disruption of the SLOC could hurt its economic and energy security interest. Making a great leap forward again, China initiated “One Belt, One Road” project intending to build trade routes between China and the countries in Central Asia, Europe and Indo-Pacific littoral countries.

India on the other hand as a major player in the region has also embarked on the ambitious multi-million-dollar Sagar Mala development project to develop its ports along the eastern and western coasts consistent with the name of the project, which is Security and Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR). Further, both India and Japan together have commenced the Asia-Africa Growth Corridor (AAGC), an economic cooperation agreement between the governments of India and Japan to connect Asia with Africa by using Japanese technology and Indian influence in that region.

Both India and China have developed initiatives to boost infrastructure development and to strengthen the diplomatic ties in the region. However, it is the least economically integrated region as described by the World Bank. Competition between Beijing and New Delhi is not necessarily overt, but each country is seeking to strengthen ties with smaller regional states to secure their respective security and economic interests.

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