Explained: Will Chandrayaan-3 Work For World of 8 Billion People?

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The report also establishes links between the different agendas referred to by the “Space2030” Agenda and, to complement this view through the lens of population increase, brings in the New Urban Agenda.

New Delhi (ABC Live): India’s Space organization namely ISRO on August 5, 2023 informed that its third moon mission, Chandrayaan-3 was successfully inserted into the lunar orbit.

The ABC Research team working on space 2030 refers a report published by European Union on Space 20230 titled “Contribution To the “Space2030” Agenda”

The Report says as under; In October 2021, the General Assembly adopted the “Space2030” Agenda: space as driver of sustainable development, reaffirming the crucial role of COPUOS and its subcommittees, supported by the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, as unique platforms for international cooperation in the exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes, for the global governance of outer space activities, consistent with international law, for developing international space law, for fostering dialogue among spacefaring and emerging space nations, and for promoting the increased involvement of all countries in space activities, including through capacity-building initiatives. 

The “Space2030” Agenda emphasizes the relevance of space tools for the attainment of global development agendas, in particular the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its goals and targets. 

These tools function either directly, as enablers and drivers of sustainable development, or indirectly, by providing essential data for the indicators used to monitor the progress towards achieving the 2030 Agenda and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 and the commitments by States parties to the Paris Agreement. 

The fulfilment of these global agendas requires improved access to space-based data, applications and space infrastructure, considering the particular needs of developing countries. In particular, the “Space2030” Agenda contains four overarching objectives, underpinned by actions to be taken to realize the objectives. 

On 15 November 2022, the world’s population reached 8 billion people, a milestone in human development. This report examines the connections, opportunities and challenges for Earth observation, Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) and satellite communications from the perspective of the European Union systems: Copernicus, European GNSS (EGNSS) and GOVSATCOM.

The report also establishes links between the different agendas referred to by the “Space2030” Agenda and, to complement this view through the lens of population increase, brings in the New Urban Agenda. 

It is not the intention of this report to provide an extensive view of the Copernicus, EGNSS and GOVSATCOM applications in support of the “Space2030” Agenda and the other global agendas, but to raise awareness about space capabilities and provide an overview of how space can contribute to the challenges of an 8 billion world. 

This report builds upon the “European Global Navigation Satellite System and Copernicus: Supporting the Sustainable Development Goals – Building blocks towards the 2030 Agenda” published in 2018 by the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs and the European Agency for the Space Programme (formerly European Global Navigation Satellite Systems Agency (GSA)) but focuses on selected challenges rather than specific items of the agendas.

The ISRO in its official website informed that Chandrayaan-3 the mission objectives of Chandrayaan-3 are:

1. To demonstrate Safe and Soft Landing on Lunar Surface

2. To demonstrate Rover roving on the moon and

3. To conduct in-situ scientific experiments.

To achieve the mission objectives, several advanced technologies are present in Lander such as,

1. Altimeters: Laser & RF based Altimeters

2. Velocimeters: Laser Doppler Velocimeter & Lander Horizontal Velocity Camera

3. Inertial Measurement: Laser Gyro based Inertial referencing and Accelerometer package

4. Propulsion System: 800N Throttleable Liquid Engines, 58N attitude thrusters & Throttleable Engine Control Electronics

5. Navigation, Guidance & Control (NGC): Powered Descent Trajectory design and associate software elements

6. Hazard Detection and Avoidance: Lander Hazard Detection & Avoidance Camera and Processing Algorithm

7. Landing Leg Mechanism.

The ABC Research team will publish report on conduct in-situ scientific experiments by Chandrayaan-3 on moon for World of 8 Billion People.

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