Explained: Why Indian Democracy Will Always Survive Even After Various Odds?

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India's endurance as a democratic nation is bolstered by its constitutional framework, diverse society, independent institutions, vibrant civil society, and commitment to free and fair elections, youthful demographic and cultural reverence for democracy. These factors collectively ensure that democracy remains the cornerstone of India's governance and collective identity, capable of withstanding challenges and evolving with time.

New Delhi (ABC Live): India is currently in the midst of its 18th Lok Sabha elections in 2024, with approximately 970 million people, constituting 70% of the total population of 1.4 billion, eligible to vote.

It is widely acknowledged that most Asian and African countries that gained independence from the British Empire either transitioned into militia-run states or autocratic regimes. India stands out as a notable exception where democracy not only survived but continues to thrive despite various challenges.

The ABC Research team sought to understand the reasons behind this exceptional phenomenon despite the facts that some political parties are raising questions on EVMS, dynasty politics etc

India's resilience as a democratic nation is rooted in several fundamental factors:

Constitutional Framework: India's democratic principles are enshrined in its Constitution, providing a robust governance framework, safeguarding fundamental rights, and establishing the rule of law. The Constitution serves as a guiding beacon for upholding democratic values and ensuring institutional stability.

Diverse Society: India's heterogeneous society, characterized by vast size, ethnic diversity, linguistic plurality, and cultural richness, fosters a deep commitment to inclusivity and pluralism. Democracy in India accommodates and respects diverse identities and aspirations, preventing the dominance of any single group or ideology.

Independent Institutions: India boasts a network of independent institutions, including the Election Commission, Judiciary, and Election Commission of India, serving as vital checks and balances on the exercise of power. These institutions uphold principles of accountability, transparency, and the rule of law, safeguarding democratic governance.

Vibrant Civil Society: India's dynamic civil society, comprising NGOs, advocacy groups, and grassroots movements, actively engages in democratic processes, advocates for social justice, and holds the government accountable. Civil society acts as a bulwark against authoritarianism, ensuring government responsiveness to citizen needs.

Free and Fair Elections: India conducts regular, free, and fair elections at various levels of government, facilitating citizen participation and expression of will through voting. The integrity of India's electoral system is maintained through robust electoral laws, independent oversight bodies, and widespread public engagement.

Youthful Demography: India's youthful population, with a significant proportion under 35, is actively engaged in democratic activism and civic participation, harbouring aspirations for a better future. The energy and dynamism of India's youth contribute to the vitality and sustainability of democratic institutions.

Cultural Commitment to Democracy: Democracy is deeply ingrained in India's cultural and political ethos, stemming from the struggles and sacrifices during the freedom movement. A steadfast belief in democratic values such as liberty, equality, and justice has forged a resilient democratic spirit among the Indian populace.

In conclusion, India's endurance as a democratic nation is bolstered by its constitutional framework, diverse society, independent institutions, vibrant civil society, and commitment to free and fair elections, youthful demographic and cultural reverence for democracy. These factors collectively ensure that democracy remains the cornerstone of India's governance and collective identity, capable of withstanding challenges and evolving with time.

For a detailed ABC report on Indian democracy please contact: abcliveindia@gmail.com  

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